Compliance and policy are crucial for mitigating privacy threats in an organization. Policies define who can access sensitive information, and these policies should be followed by all members of the organization. However, policies can be vague, and they need to be accompanied by technical controls to be effective. For example, if the policy states that only authorized personnel can access sensitive information, a technical control could be implemented that only allows members of a specific security group to access the data.
Regulatory requirements also play a critical role in mitigating privacy threats. Different jurisdictions have different privacy laws and regulations that an organization must adhere to. Organizations must ensure that they are in compliance with these regulations to avoid potential legal repercussions. However, it’s important to note that legal compliance is just one aspect of privacy protection and that organizations should go above and beyond legal requirements to ensure that they are protecting their users’ sensitive information.
It’s also worth noting that, in some cases, organizations may be required by law to collect and protect sensitive information. However, such data can be considered toxic waste that should be minimized and protected at all costs. Organizations and industry groups should advocate against requirements to collect such data and work to roll back existing mandates and resist new ones that would require them to hold data they’d rather not collect.